Optics, Myopia and Binocular Vision Laboratory

Optics, Myopia and Binocular Vision Laboratory

The Optics, Myopia and Binocular Vision Laboratory is dedicated to understanding the optics of the eye and the causes, visual function and treatments related to myopia, binocular vision problems and amblyopia. The chief investigators are Professor David Atchison and Associate Professor Katrina Schmid.


Photo: Professor David Atchison

Professor David Atchison has been involved in the teaching and research of visual and ophthalmic optics over 35 years at QUT. Professor Atchison has obtained several ARC and NHMRC grants. He was awarded the Garland W. Clay award for the best clinically relevant paper published by the American Academy of Optometry for 1979. He was elected a Fellow of the Optical Society of America in 2003 and was awarded the Doctor of Science degree in 2004 for his research in Ophthalmic and Visual Optics. In 2011 he was awarded the Glenn F. Fry Award, the top research award of the American Academy of Optometry, for outstanding contributions in Optometry and vision science. In 2014 he was awarded the HB Collin Medal, the top research award of Optometry Australia (the professional body of Optometrists), which is given to an Australian who has made significant research advances in Vision Science. Professor Atchison has supervised 20 high degree research students over the years.


Photo: Associate Professor Katrina Schmid

Associate Professor Katrina Schmid  is the course coordinator of the Bachelor of Vision Science program at QUT. She is the member of International Myopia Institute. Her main research interests include refractive error development, myopia, accommodation and binocular vision, amblyopia, ocular surface, meibomian gland dysfunction, teaching, and learning. She has been awarded two prestigious awards for her research papers. The Classic Paper Award, OPO, 2014 and the J Lloyd Hewett Award, CXO, 2020. She is an Editorial Board Member for two prestigious international journals IOVS TVST and Nature Scientific Reports. Based on the Bibliometric analysis of Refractive Error related papers her 2021 Rank = # 25 of world researchers.

Team members and collaborators

Present HDR students

  • Ms Archayeeta Rakshit
  • Asik Pradhan

Past HDR students (most recent)

  • Dr Durgasri Jaisankar
  • Dr Vinay Kumar Nilagiri
  • Dr Dinesh Kaphle
  • Dr Dipesh Bhattarai

Photo: [Left to Right] Collaborators: Adjunct Associate Professor Ann Webber,
Dr Andrew Carkeet and Dr Kate Gifford


Photo: [Top Left to Right ] Research Team: Dr Durgasri Jaisankar, Dr Marwan Suheimat,
Professor David Atchison, Associate Professor Katrina Schmid, Dr Alex Leube,
Dr Yonji Liu and Dr Dinesh Kaphle  [Bottom Left to Right] Dr Vinay Kumar Nilagiri
and Dr Dipesh Bhattarai


Photo: [Left to Right] Past HDR students Dr Dinesh Kaphle,
Dr Durgasri Jaisankar and Dr Vinay Kumar Nilagiri


Photo: Durgasri and Dinesh were awarded the CDA theme HDR
publication award in the year 2019 [Left to Right] Dr Dinesh Kaphle,
Professor David Atchison and Dr Durgasri Jaisankar.


Research labs main focus and recent publications


  • Optics

    • Atchison, D. A., Suheimat, M., Zacharovas, S., & Campbell, C. E. (2022). The use of autorefractors using the image‐size principle in determining on‐axis and off‐axis refraction. Part 2: Theoretical study of peripheral refraction with the Grand Seiko AutoRef/Keratometer WAM‐ Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 42(2), 293-300. https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12936
    • Campbell, C. E., Suheimat, M., Zacharovas, S., & Atchison, D. A. (2022). The use of autorefractors using the image‐size principle in determining on‐axis and off‐axis refraction. Part 1: Analysis of optical principles of autorefractors. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 42(2), 283-292. https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12933
    • Atchison, D. A., & Rozema, J. J. (2021). Retinal image size in pseudophakia. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 41(6), 1222-1230.  https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12874
    • Nilagiri, V. K., Suheimat, M., Lambert, A. J., Turpin, A., Vohnsen, B., & Atchison, D. A. (2021). Subjective measurement of the Stiles-Crawford effect with different field sizes. Biomedical Optics Express, 12(8), 4969-4981. https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12855

Photo: Demonstration of an adaptive optics system

  • Myopia

    • Kaphle, D., Schmid, K. L., Davies, L. N., Suheimat, M., & Atchison, D. A. (2022). Ciliary muscle dimension changes with accommodation vary in myopia and emmetropia. Investigative ophthalmology and visual science, 63(6), 24-24.  DOI: 10.1167/iovs.63.6.24
    • Kaphle, D., Varnas, S. R., Schmid, K. L., Suheimat, M., Leube, A., & Atchison, D. A. (2022). Accommodation lags are higher in myopia than in emmetropia: Measurement methods and metrics matter. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.13021
    • Schmid, K. L., Gifford, K. L., & Atchison, D. A. (2022). The effect of concentric and aspheric multifocal soft contact lenses on binocular vision in young adult myopes. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye, 101588. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2022.101588
    • Kaphle, D., Atchison, D. A., & Schmid, K. L. (2020). Multifocal spectacles in childhood myopia: Are treatment effects maintained? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Survey of Ophthalmology, 65(2), 239-249. DOI: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2019.10.001

Photo: Demonstration of the ciliary muscle image capture using Carl Zeiss
Meditec Visante OCT by Dr Dinesh Kaphle and Associate Professor
Katrina Schmid.

  • Retinal Holography

    • Zacharovas, S., Suheimat, M., Atchison, D. A., & Lambert, A. J. (2021). Digital holographic microscope for human eye retinal structures recording in vivo. Applied Optics, 60(4), A173-A178. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.403532

Photo: Demonstration of a Holographic microscope system
(Left) and Hologram of the retina (Right)

  • Amblyopia

    • Atchison, D. A., Nguyen, T., Schmid, K. L., Rakshit, A., Baldwin, A. S., & Hess, R. F. (2022). The effects of optically and digitally simulated aniseikonia on stereopsis. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12973
    • Atchison, D. A., Lee, J., Lu, J., Webber, A. L., Hess, R. F., Baldwin, A. S., & Schmid, K. L. (2020). Effects of simulated anisometropia and aniseikonia on stereopsis. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 40(3), 323-332.  https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12680


  • Colour Vision

    • Wood, J. M., Atchison, D. A., Black, A. A., & Larue, G. S. (2022). Low levels of refractive blur increase the risk of colour misperception of red train signals. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12979
    • Dain, S. J., Atchison, D. A., Hovis, J. K., & Boon, M. Y. (2020). Lighting for color vision examination in the era of LEDs: the FM100Hue Test. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 37(4), A122-A132. DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.382301


For more publications, please visit

Browse By Person: Atchison, David | QUT ePrints,
Browse By Person: Schmid, Katrina | QUT ePrints,
Browse By Person: Carkeet, Andrew | QUT ePrints.


Current projects

  • Changes in ciliary muscle dimensions with accommodation.
  • Changes in the Stiles-Crawford effect with accommodation.
  • Smartphone device to correct presbyopia.
  • Vision screening using Acuidrive device.