The Effectiveness of Residential Energy Efficiency and Conservation Programs

Project dates: 01/01/2016 - 01/03/2019


This project will involve conducting a systematic literature review into domestic household energy usage and determine what program elements are needed for successful energy reduction, conservation, and efficiency. The project primarily focuses on electricity and gas usage inside the house, within advanced economies (as defined by the International Monetary Fund), between the years 1990 and 2016.

Additionally, this project seeks to define the elements of success from a variety of perspectives, namely, reduction in energy usage, increased knowledge, positive attitude change or adoption, and positive behaviour change. This research collates all relevant qualitative and quantitative studies and examines the results to identify key success criteria and policy implications. The intervention elements to be examined include intervention goals and outcomes, study design, tools and technologies used and sample characteristics.

A systematic literature review has identified 107 papers for detailed review and analysis and examines the following research questions:
  • What is the evidence of the effectiveness of domestic energy interventions?
  • Which theories/models/conceptual frameworks are used to inform energy interventions?
  • What populations or groups are the focus domestic energy interventions?
  • Which techniques and activities are used?
  • How are outcomes measured in domestic energy interventions?

Funded by Energy Consumers Australia and GEER Australia.


Other Partners

  • GEER Australia
  • The University of the Sunshine Coast