How can robots best learn to navigate in challenging environments? We are interested in developing learning-based approaches that are both effective and efficient to train and execute.
Concurrently, decades of research have produced a number of well-understood navigation algorithms that work well in many — but not all — situations. We investigate how classical navigation algorithms can be improved by learning-based approaches.
Residual Reactive Navigation: Combining Classical and Learned Navigation Strategies For Deployment in Unknown Environments.
In Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2020.
In this work we focus on improving the efficiency and generalisation of learned navigation strategies when transferred from its training environment to previously unseen ones. We present an extension of the residual reinforcement learning framework from the robotic manipulation literature and adapt it to the vast and unstructured environments that mobile robots can operate in. The concept is based on learning a residual control effect to add to a typical sub-optimal classical controller in order to close the performance gap, whilst guiding the exploration process during training for improved data efficiency.
We exploit this tight coupling and propose a novel deployment strategy, switching Residual Reactive Navigation (sRNN), which yields efficient trajectories whilst probabilistically switching to a classical controller in cases of high policy uncertainty. Our approach achieves improved performance over end-to-end alternatives and can be incorporated as part of a complete navigation stack for cluttered indoor navigation tasks in the real world.
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In Proc. of Conference on Robot Learning (CoRL), 2018.
We present an approach for efficiently learning goal-directed navigation policies on a mobile robot, from only a single coverage traversal of recorded data. The navigation agent learns an effective policy over a diverse action space in a large heterogeneous environment consisting of more than 2km of travel, through buildings and outdoor regions that collectively exhibit large variations in visual appearance, self-similarity, and connectivity.
We compare pretrained visual encoders that enable precomputation of visual embeddings to achieve a throughput of tens of thousands of transitions per second at training time on a commodity desktop computer, allowing agents to learn from millions of trajectories of experience in a matter of hours. We propose multiple forms of computationally efficient stochastic augmentation to enable the learned policy to generalise beyond these precomputed embeddings, and demonstrate successful deployment of the learned policy on the real robot without fine tuning, despite environmental appearance differences at test time.
Vision-and-Language Navigation: Interpreting visually-grounded navigation instructions in real environments
To enable and encourage the application of vision and language methods to the problem of interpreting visually grounded navigation instructions, we present the Matterport3D Simulator – a large-scale reinforcement learning environment based on real imagery. Using this simulator, which can in future support a range of embodied vision and language tasks, we provide the first benchmark dataset for visually-grounded natural language navigation in real buildings – the Room-to-Room (R2R) dataset.