What is connected vehicle technology?
Connected vehicle technology, also known as a Cooperative Intelligent Transport System (C-ITS), enables vehicles to talk to other connected vehicles, roadside infrastructure, and traffic management centre systems to share relevant safety-related messages for drivers. The driver is still in control of the vehicle, and there is no element of vehicle automation. Connected vehicle technologies are being tested worldwide and Queensland’s pilot will be the largest trial of connected vehicle technologies in Australia.
What is a connected vehicle?
A connected vehicle talks to other connected vehicles, roadside infrastructure (like traffic signals), and traffic management systems to keep the driver safe by providing information and warnings about about their immediate driving environment. The driver remains in control at all times and receives warning messages via an audible tone or through images displayed on a screen. Connected vehicles provide drivers with an extended awareness of similarly equipped vehicles and infrastructure, and do not depend on line-of-sight communications to be effective. That is, a connected vehicle helps the driver by providing advanced warning about other vehicles or road conditions. For example, if a traffic queue was ahead of you but on the opposite side of a hill (that is, not visible), a notification will be sent to you giving you the time to slow down, if required.
Is a connected vehicle the same as a cooperative vehicle?
Yes! Connected and cooperative are different words for the same type of technology.
Is a connected vehicle the same as an automated or autonomous (self-driving) vehicle?
No. In a connected vehicle the driver is in control of driving the vehicle at all times.
How will the connected vehicles communicate in the pilot?
Vehicles involved in the pilot will be fitted with a range of wireless and sensor technologies designed to share the vehicle’s position, speed and other data, as well as receive data from traffic signals and traffic management systems in relation to signal timings, speed limits, road works, and road hazards.
What are the benefits of connected vehicles?
The benefits of connected vehicles may include safety, efficiency of the road network, convenience, and environmental savings. However, the pilot is testing the safety benefits only. Connected vehicles have the potential to reduce the number and severity of crashes by providing safety warnings to drivers. It is anticipated that the full effect of connected vehicle technology on safety, mobility, and the environment will not be realised until the majority of vehicles and infrastructure are equipped with the technology.
Where can I learn more about connected vehicles?
The Ipswich Connected Vehicle Pilot
What is the pilot?
The Ipswich Connected Vehicle Pilot (also known as the ICVP) is the largest pilot of connected vehicles and infrastructure to be undertaken in Australia. It is driven by rapidly developing technologies that have the potential to significantly reduce crashes, improve mobility, and achieve environmental savings over the coming decades. The pilot will collect data from up to 500 participants as they drive as they normally would, and evaluate the impact of safety warnings on their driving behavior. Data will also be collected about user perceptions of the technology via questionnaires, interviews, and focus groups.
Why is the pilot being undertaken?
The Ipswich Connected Vehicle Pilot will help us to understand the improvements to road user safety that can be realised through connected vehicle technology. The project will also examine the willingness of drivers to adopt and use such technology, and help prepare government and industry for the future roll-out of connected vehicle technologies.
Who is running the pilot?
This pilot is being delivered by the Department of Transport and Main Roads with the support of the Motor Accident Insurance Commission, iMOVE Cooperative Research Centre, and the Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety at QUT (Queensland University of Technology), as well as a number of other government and industry partners. See the Research Team and Partners
page for more information.
When will the pilot start?
The pilot will take place on public roads in and around the city of Ipswich from mid 2020 for up to 12 months.
How many participants will be involved?
Where in Ipswich will the connected vehicle technology be active?
The pilot will take place on public roads in and around Ipswich. Explore the pilot area on our maps
page. The pilot area includes the Ipswich and Centenary Motorways.
How will the pilot change the streets around Ipswich?
The changes to the infrastructure around Ipswich will be minimal. Around 30 communication devices will be installed on traffic signals at intersections throughout the pilot area. These devices will have no impact on regular operation of traffic signals or vehicles that do not have connected vehicle technology installed.
Has this research been approved by the relevant Human Research Ethics Committees?
Yes. All research has been approved by the QUT Human Research Ethics Committee (reference number 1900000098)
How is the Ipswich Connected Vehicle Pilot different to the ZOE2 Automated Vehicle Demonstrations?
You may have heard of (or participated in) the ZOE2 demonstrations recently held in Ipswich. ZOE2 is an Automated Vehicle where the driving functions are controlled by the vehicle rather than by the driver. Automated Vehicles are also sometimes called ‘self-driving’ or ‘driverless’ vehicles. Connected Vehicle Technologies, as being used in the Pilot, do NOT automate the driving functions. The driver is still in control of the vehicle, and there is no element of vehicle automation. Connected vehicle technology enables vehicles to talk to other connected vehicles, roadside infrastructure, and traffic management centre systems to share relevant safety-related messages for drivers.
What are the eligibility requirements for participation in the pilot?
What are my main obligations as a participant?
How long will I need to be involved in the pilot?
Participants will be involved in the pilot for around 9 months, including 9 months where the connected vehicle technology is installed in your vehicle and you will be driving as you normally would.
How much of my time and what activities are involved?
The following activities are required in addition to your normal driving time:
- One consent appointment at the Briggs Road installation site which also includes computer-based training and a questionnaire. This appointment will take up to an hour.
- Two appointments at the Briggs Road installation site to have the equipment installed and removed from your vehicle. It will take up to 15 minutes to drop off and pick up your vehicle. You will receive a courtesy vehicle for each of these appointments to minimise the disruption to your day, and may pick up your vehicle once ready at any time during the site opening hours. Installation and removal normally requires 2-4 hours.
- A series of three online questionnaires that will take up to 30 minutes to complete, which will be emailed to you to do in your own time.
- In the unlikely event of the equipment malfunctioning during the pilot, you may need to return to the Briggs Road installation site to have the equipment repaired or replaced, as required.
- Additionally, you may elect to participate in a 10 minute telephone interview and/or 1 hour focus group at some point during the pilot.
For more information on these activities, please view the full Participant Information Form.
What are the opening hours for the Briggs Road installation site?
The Briggs Road installation site
is open Monday to Friday from 7:30 am to 5:30 pm. Please note that the final staffed day of operation at the site will be the 4th December 2020. After this time, attendance at the site by staff will be by pre-arranged appointment, so please contact us on 1800 512 352 or email@example.com if you have any questions or concerns related to the equipment installed in your vehicle or any other aspects related to your participation.
Are there any benefits for me in taking part?
The findings from this research project relating to the safety impacts of connected vehicle technologies may help to inform future research projects and government decision-making about the use of connected vehicle technology in Australia. You will receive a series of incentives to compensate you for your time (e.g., attending appointments, completing questionnaires) in the pilot, but it is expected that this research project will not benefit you directly. You can see the main risks and benefits here
What type of equipment will be installed in my vehicle?
See the explore the technology
page for photos of the connected vehicle technology equipment. This includes an external antenna, an in-vehicle communications box, and a small display screen (also called a human machine interface) mounted to the vehicle’s windscreen. The display screen will provide the safety warnings to the driver.
Will my car be damaged by having the equipment installed?
All care has been taken to minimise the risk of damage to your vehicle. Installation and removal of the connected vehicle technology will be carried out by appropriately qualified and trained installers. In the unlikely event of damage to your vehicle during installation, maintenance, or removal of the connected vehicle technology, the Department of Transport and Main Roads will cover reasonable pre-approved costs for your vehicle to be repaired.
Will the pilot equipment affect the normal operation of my vehicle?
No. The connected vehicle technology will not affect the operating or handling characteristics of the vehicle. The equipment installation is similar to other aftermarket devices, such as radios or car alarms.
Will the equipment interfere with my phone, GPS, or other devices?
No, the connected vehicle technology will not interfere with your phone, GPS, radio, or other devices.
Will participation in the pilot affect my insurance coverage?
No. We have confirmed with your insurer that your participation in the pilot will not be a basis for voiding your Comprehensive Car Insurance policy.
Will I need to drive every day during the pilot?
You are expected to drive as normal during the pilot. We will not ask you to drive every day, however you should drive the vehicle that is equipped with connected vehicle technology a minimum of 3 hours per week in the pilot area (i.e., in and around Ipswich and the Ipswich and Centenary motorways), per the pilot eligibility requirements.
Are there any restrictions on where I drive my vehicle during the pilot?
You must not enter a military facility while the pilot equipment is installed. And you should not enter a high security facility while the pilot equipment is installed without prior permission from the facility owner. Please also be aware that your vehicle height may have increased slightly due to the installation of the external antenna on your roof, and be mindful when using restricted height areas such as underground car parks.
Are there any restrictions on how I use my vehicle during the pilot?
The only restriction is that we ask you not to use an automatic car wash whilst the connected vehicle technology is installed so as not to damage the equipment. For more information on where the equipment will be installed, please see the Explore the Technology
Can anyone else drive my car during the pilot period?
Yes! We simply ask that you advise anyone who drives your vehicle to select the “non-participant” option on the HMI to ensure that we don’t collect their driving data, and they don’t receive the connected vehicle safety warnings.
What if I decide to sell my car during the pilot?
If you decide to list your car for sale, please contact the team
and we’ll arrange a suitable time for removal of the equipment before the sale. If you would like to continue your participation in the pilot, then we may be able to re-install the equipment in your new vehicle if it meets our eligibility requirements.
What if I have to service my car during the pilot?
No problem! When you attend the installation appointment, you will receive a letter which you can keep in your vehicle and provide to your mechanic prior to servicing. This letter will explain that you are a participant in a research study and describe the function and position of the equipment. It will also outline any necessary precautions that your mechanic should take to avoid damaging the equipment. If your mechanic has any concerns, they can contact the QUT research team directly for more information.
What if I am involved in a crash or my car is stolen or damaged while the equipment is installed?
What data is being collected from me?
Driving data will be collected from the equipment installed in your vehicle, including vehicle position, speed, and acceleration. Data will also be collected from you directly such as through your responses to questionnaires, and optional interviews and focus groups.
Will the equipment record any audio or video?
The connected vehicle equipment installed in your vehicle will not record any audio or video.
What data do you collect in the optional interview and focus groups?
With your consent, we will record your responses for later analysis.
What if I commit a traffic offence while the equipment is in my vehicle?
Some of the data that we collect during the ICVP may indicate a participant has been involved in an illegal activity, such as speeding. For example, we will collect your vehicle’s speed and location. TMR, QUT, and iMOVE will not investigate or report illegal driving behaviour using the data that is collected. In addition, the Queensland Police Service have advised that location information from our C-ITS equipment is currently not part of the legislative framework to issue infringements. However, if required by law, for example if requested using an approved process by police, the QUT research team is required to disclose your information (including location data) to the police. Irrespective of this, please remember you are responsible for your own driving and need to adhere to all road rules and driving legislation as normal.
Can the equipment installed in the vehicle be used as a mobile phone?
No, the equipment can’t be used to make phone calls or to send text messages.
Can the equipment installed in the vehicle be used as a navigation aid?
No, the equipment will not provide directions to a destination or maps of surrounding areas.
How will the information and data from me be used?
The information and data collected from you (for example, through questionnaires and focus groups) and from your vehicle (through the equipment installed in your vehicle) will be pooled with the other participants in the pilot to evaluate the effect of each of the safety warnings
on driver behaviour. It will also be used to evaluate the overall safety benefits and user perceptions of connected vehicle technology.
How long will my data be kept?
In line with the requirements for human ethics data collection, all data collected will be stored for a minimum period of 15 years after the last vehicle exits the study, at which point all participant identifying data (for example, name and contact details) will be deleted from all databases. De-identified driving data will be kept for up to 20 years, and de-identified summary data from analyses and reductions will be kept indefinitely.
Will you provide me with my individual data or feedback on my driving?
No, we will not provide you with individualised analysis of your driving style or driving ability. We will send you a summary of the study findings when available.
Is my privacy protected?
Yes. All data collected during the pilot will be treated in full and complete compliance with all applicable privacy law and policy. A range of processes and controls have been put in place to ensure that the data collected remains confidential. These processes include data encryption and the de-identification and separation of personal data (for example, name and contact details) from questionnaire responses and driving data. Any information that is obtained in connection with this study and that can be identified with you will remain confidential and will be disclosed only with your permission or if required by law, for example to police or insurers to use as evidence in court if you are involved in a crash. Any data included in pilot outputs and reports will be anonymised for publication. For more information, see the Participant Information Form
What about cybersecurity?
All reasonable precautions have been taken to ensure that your data will be secure. The connected vehicle environment relies mainly on dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) technology, which has more security and privacy protections than Wi-Fi or Bluetooth. Additional safeguards are also being developed to prevent unauthorized access to the system.
Am I free to withdraw from the pilot at any time?
Yes. We understand that circumstances change and that participants may need to withdraw from time-to-time. If this happens, please contact the team
and we’ll arrange a suitable time for removal of the equipment.
What happens to the equipment at the conclusion of the pilot?
At the conclusion of the pilot, we’ll contact you to arrange a suitable time for removal of the equipment.
What happens after the pilot ends?
The Ipswich Connected Vehicle Pilot is being delivered by the Department of Transport and Main Roads to help prepare for the arrival of new vehicle technologies with safety, mobility and environmental benefits on Queensland roads.
The pilot will lay the technical foundations for the next generation of smart transport infrastructure, focusing on developing policy to support positive outcomes; supporting regulation, legislation, licensing and possible certification and testing and managing infrastructure, data and system integration.
At the conclusion of the pilot it is expected that government and local industry representatives are up-skilled in deployment and operations; new industry partnerships for services are formed and tested; current understanding of government direction/actions to support deployment are captured in a road map; safety benefits are estimated, and public perceptions are validated through the on-road testing; public awareness of connected vehicle technology is increased, and a test-bed for use by government, industry and academia is available at the conclusion of the pilot.
When will results be available?
This is a large scale pilot and initial results will be expected in 2021. A summary of findings will be sent to all participants when available. If you are not a participant and would like to be kept updated on the progress of the pilot, please sign up to the periodic e-newsletter
What hygiene measures are in place during the ICVP?
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, several measures have been implemented to ensure the health and safety of all participants and staff involved in the pilot. All in-person interactions have been designed in line with governmental guidelines around social distancing, hygiene, and other safety measures. More information about the measures can be found on the health and safety
Who can I contact for more information?