This project seeks to establish a baseline understanding of the prevalence of recruitment fraud in cyber and traditional labour markets in Australia.
Employment (or recruitment) fraud uses the guise of a genuine job opportunity to attract potential victims. Offenders use advertisements across print and social media to lure potential victims, asking them to directly pay “fees”, or send personal information (driver’s licence, bank account details, passports) to secure a job. Those who comply can expose themselves to a range of consequences, including fraud, identity crime, and money laundering. Despite the potential financial consequences for individuals and reputational consequences for the recruitment industry, little has been written about recruitment fraud as a specific category of fraud.