Impact of waiting times on risk and standardisation of waiting times

This study aimed to determine the maximum time spent at a crossing beyond which deliberate violations become more likely. The research used a mixed methods approach including both quantitative and qualitative methods as well as telematics measured in the Advanced Driving Simulator. These results will be useful for developing recommendations for warning times that will minimise the likelihood of crossing violations by motorists.

Funding / Grants

  • Australasian Centre for Rail Innovation (2015 - 2016)


  • Larue, Gregoire, Blackman, Ross, Freeman, James, Fujita, Yushi, Bagnara, Sebastiano, Tartaglia, Riccardo, Albolino, Sara, Alexander, Thomas (2019) Impact of waiting times on risky driver behaviour at railway level crossings Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors (TEHF), Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Volume 823), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, pp.62-69.
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